TITLE 16

Health and Safety

Food and Drugs

CHAPTER 47. UNIFORM CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ACT

Subchapter VII. Miscellaneous


(a) Prosecution for any violation of law occurring prior to the effective date of any amendment to this chapter is not affected or abated by any amendment to this chapter.

(b) Civil seizures or forfeitures and injunctive proceedings commenced prior to the effective date of any amendment to this chapter are not affected by any amendment to this chapter.

(c) All administrative proceedings pending under prior laws which are superseded by any amendment to this chapter shall be continued and brought to a final determination in accord with the laws or rules in effect prior to the effective date of any amendment to this chapter.

(d) This chapter and any amendments thereto apply to any violation of law, seizure and forfeiture, injunctive proceeding, administrative proceeding or investigation which occurs or is commenced following the effective date of this chapter and any amendments thereto.

16 Del. C. 1953, § 4773; 58 Del. Laws, c. 424, § 1; 62 Del. Laws, c. 250, § 5; 78 Del. Laws, c. 13, § 66.;

Any orders and rules promulgated under any law affected by this chapter and in effect on the effective date of this chapter and not in conflict with it continue in effect until modified, superseded or repealed.

16 Del. C. 1953, § 4774; 58 Del. Laws, c. 424, § 1; 62 Del. Laws, c. 250, § 5.;

This chapter shall be so applied and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law with respect to the subject of this chapter among those states which enact it.

16 Del. C. 1953, § 4775; 58 Del. Laws, c. 424, § 1; 62 Del. Laws, c. 250, § 5.;

This chapter may be cited as the "Controlled Substances Act.''

16 Del. C. 1953, § 4776; 58 Del. Laws, c. 424, § 1; 62 Del. Laws, c. 250, § 5; 78 Del. Laws, c. 13, § 67.;

(a) The Superior Court shall have original and exclusive jurisdiction over any violation of this chapter by persons 18 years of age or older.

(b) The provisions of subsection (a) of this section or any other law to the contrary notwithstanding, the Court of Common Pleas shall have original jurisdiction over any violation of:

(1) Section 4764 of this title;

(2) Section 4771 of this title,

by persons 18 years of age or older.

(c) The Family Court shall have original and exclusive jurisdiction over violations of this chapter by persons under age 18.

16 Del. C. 1953, § 4777; 58 Del. Laws, c. 424, § 1; 58 Del. Laws, c. 480, § 3; 61 Del. Laws, c. 261, § 4; 62 Del. Laws, c. 250, § 5; 71 Del. Laws, c. 63, §§ 2, 3; 71 Del. Laws, c. 176, § 25; 78 Del. Laws, c. 13, § 68.;

Nothing in this chapter shall be interpreted as limiting the authority or responsibility of the Attorney General of this State to enforce the laws of this State.

16 Del. C. 1953, § 4778; 58 Del. Laws, c. 424, § 1; 62 Del. Laws, c. 250, § 5.;

(a) Effective October 1, 2010, every prescription written in this State by a practitioner shall be written on a statewide authorized tamper-resistant prescription form. This section shall not apply to prescriptions generated within a licensed medical facility that results in the internal dispensing of prescription drugs to any patient receiving treatment in that facility, nor to tamper-resistant prescription forms electronically generated within a licensed medical facility that meet the criteria established by the committee created under this section.

(b) "Statewide tamper-resistant prescription pads'' shall be defined as a prescription pad, which has been authorized by the State for use, and meets the following criteria:

(1) Prevention of unauthorized copying,

(2) Prevention of erasure or modification; and

(3) An ability to prevent counterfeit prescription forms.

(c) The Secretary of the Delaware Department of Safety and Homeland Security (DSHS), or the Secretary's designee, shall form a committee consisting of representatives of state agencies and private sector interests. The purpose of the committee is to establish a statewide prescription form with specific criteria pursuant to this section to eliminate or significantly reduce prescription fraud. The committee shall develop the standard format and identifying markers on the front and back of the prescription form to be used by practitioners throughout the State. "Markers'' shall be defined as the specific criteria under this subsection which shall be authorized by the State to be used on a statewide prescription form. The committee shall further develop a request for proposal which shall contain the adopted format and criteria approved by the committee to be submitted for bid to the State. The committee shall also have the authority to promulgate rules and regulations for the implementation of the provisions of this subsection. The committee shall be comprised of the following members:

(1) The Secretary of the Department of Safety and Homeland Security or the Secretary's designee;

(2) A representative from the State Police Drug Diversion Unit to be appointed by the Secretary of the Department of Safety and Homeland Security;

(3) A representative from the Medical Society of Delaware to be appointed by the Governor;

(4) A representative from the pharmaceutical industry to be appointed by the Governor;

(5) The Director of the Division of Professional Regulation or the Director's designee;

(6) A representative of the Delaware Healthcare Facilities Association to be appointed by the Governor;

(7) The Director of Medicaid and Medical Assistance or the Director's designee;

(8) A representative of the Board of Pharmacy to be appointed by the Director of the Division of Professional Regulation;

(9) A representative from the Delaware Healthcare Association to be appointed by the Governor;

(10) A representative from the Office of Controlled Substances to be appointed by the Director of the Division of Professional Regulation;

(11) A representative from the Delaware Pharmacists Society to be appointed by the Governor;

(12) Two members at-large to be appointed by the Governor of the State.

76 Del. Laws, c. 352, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 159, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 155, § 6.;

(a) It is the intent of the General Assembly that the Delaware Prescription Monitoring Act established pursuant to this section serves as a means to promote public health and welfare and to detect the illegal use of controlled substances. The Delaware Prescription Monitoring Act shall have the dual purpose of reducing misuse and diversion of controlled substances in the State while promoting improved professional practice and patient care.

(b) Definitions.

(1) "Administer'' or "administration'' means the direct application of a drug to the body of a patient by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means.

(2) "Chemical dependency professional'' means a person who uses addiction counseling methods to assist an individual or group to develop an understanding of alcohol and drug dependency problems, define goals, and plan action reflecting the individual's or group's interest, abilities and needs as affected by addiction problems.

(3) "Controlled substance'' means any substance or drug defined, enumerated or included in this chapter and Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations.

(4) "Dispense'' or "dispensing'' means the interpretation, evaluation, and implementation of a prescription drug or, including the preparation and delivery of a drug to a patient or patient's agent in a suitable container appropriately labeled for subsequent administration to, or use by, a patient.

(5) "Dispenser'' means a person authorized by this State to dispense or distribute to the ultimate user any controlled substance or drug monitored by the program, but shall not include any of the following: a licensed health care facility pharmacy that dispenses, distributes or administers any controlled substance, or drug monitored by the program, for the purposes of inpatient care, or any emergency department dispensing a controlled substance for immediate use.

(6) [Repealed.]

(7) "Drug'' means any of the following:

a. Any substance recognized as a drug in the official compendium, or supplement thereto, designated by the Office of Controlled Substances for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in humans.

b. Any substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease or pain in humans.

c. Any substance other than food intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of humans.

(8) "Drugs of concern'' means drugs other than controlled substances as defined by rule which demonstrate a potential for abuse or diversion.

(9) "Licensed professional counselor of mental health'' means an individual licensed as a professional counselor of mental health who publicly offers to render to individuals, groups, organizations or the general public a service involving the application of clinical counseling principles, methods or procedures and the diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional disorders to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal and social adjustment.

(10) "Patient'' means the person who is the ultimate user of a controlled substance or drug monitored by the program for whom a prescription is issued and for whom a controlled substance or drug is dispensed.

(11) "Prescriber'' means a licensed health care professional with the authority to write and issue prescriptions, except it shall not include:

a. A prescriber or other authorized person who administers such controlled substance or drug upon the lawful order of a prescriber.

b. A prescriber or other authorized person who, in providing emergency patient care in a healthcare facility, causes the administration of a controlled substance for immediate relief of symptoms arising from an acute condition.

c. A prescriber or other authorized person who prescribes up to a 72-hour supply of a controlled substance for on call services or emergency care.

d. A veterinarian who prescribes for the purpose of providing veterinary services.

(12) "Prescription monitoring information'' means data submitted to and maintained by the prescription monitoring program established under this section.

(13) "Prescription Monitoring Program'' or "PMP'' means the electronic program established by this section.

(c) The Office of Controlled Substances shall establish and maintain a PMP program to monitor the prescribing and dispensing of all Schedule II, III, IV and V controlled substances by prescribers in this State, and to research the prescribing and dispensing of drugs of concern. The PMP shall not interfere with the legal use of a controlled substance or drug of concern. The PMP shall be:

(1) Used to provide information to prescribers, dispensers, and patients to help avoid the illegal use of controlled substances;

(2) Used to assist law enforcement to investigate illegal activity related to the prescribing, dispensing and consumption of controlled substances or drugs of concern; and

(3) Designed to minimize inconvenience to patients and prescribing medical practitioners while effectuating the collection and storage of prescription monitoring information.

(d) A dispenser including those dispensing an amount deemed medically necessary for a 72-hour supply, shall submit the required information regarding each prescription dispensed for a controlled substance, in accordance with the transmission methods and frequency established by regulation issued by the Office of Controlled Substances. When needed for bona fide research purposes and in accordance with applicable regulation, the Office of Controlled Substances may require a dispenser to submit the required information regarding each prescription dispensed for a drug of concern, but in no event should dispensers be required to submit such information any more frequently than that required for controlled substances. The following information shall be submitted for each prescription:

(1) Pharmacy name;

(2) Dispenser DEA registration number;

(3) Date drug was dispensed;

(4) Prescription number;

(5) Whether prescription is new or a refill;

(6) NDC code for drug dispensed;

(7) Quantity dispensed;

(8) Approximate number of days supplied;

(9) Patient name and date of birth;

(10) Patient address;

(11) Prescriber DEA registration number and name;

(12) Date prescription issued by prescriber.

(e) When a dispenser has a reasonable belief that a patient may be seeking a controlled substance listed in Schedule II, III, IV or V for any reason other than the treatment of an existing medical condition, the dispenser shall obtain a patient utilization report regarding the patient for the preceding 12 months from the Prescription Monitoring Program before dispensing the prescription.

(f) A prescriber, or other person authorized by the prescriber, shall obtain, before writing a prescription for a controlled substance listed in Schedule II, III, IV or V for a patient, a patient utilization report regarding the patient for the preceding 12 months from the computerized program established by the Office of Controlled Substances when the prescriber has a reasonable belief that the patient may be seeking the controlled substance, in whole or in part, for any reason other than the treatment of an existing medical condition. The prescriber shall review the patient utilization report to assess whether the prescription for the controlled substance is necessary.

(g) A licensed chemical dependency professional or licensed professional counselor of mental health may obtain a patient utilization report from the Prescription Monitoring Program for patients enrolled in substance abuse treatment programs receiving treatment from, or under the direction of, the chemical dependency professional or professional counselor of mental health.

(h) The Chief Medical Examiner or licensed physician designee may obtain a patient utilization report from the Prescription Monitoring Program for the purpose of investigating the death of an individual.

(i) The Office of Controlled Substances may issue a waiver to a prescriber who is unable to access prescription information by electronic means. A prescriber who is unable to access prescription information by electronic means shall obtain a waiver from the OCS on annual basis until such time they can access the prescription information by electronic means.

(j) Unless a court of competent jurisdiction makes a finding of gross negligence, malice or criminal intent, the Office of Controlled Substances, any other state agency, any prescriber or dispenser, or any person or entity in proper possession of information pursuant to this statute is not subject to civil liability, administrative action or other legal or equitable relief for any of the following acts or omissions:

(1) Furnishing information pursuant to this section.

(2) Receiving, using or relying on, or not using or relying on, information received pursuant to this section.

(3) Information that was not furnished to the Office of Controlled Substances.

(4) Information that was factually incorrect or that was released by the Office of Controlled Substance to the wrong person or entity.

(k) Prescription information submitted to the PMP is protected health information, not subject to public or open records law, and not subject to disclosure, except as otherwise provided in this section.

(l) The Office of Controlled Substances shall maintain procedures to ensure that the privacy and confidentiality of patients and patient information collected, recorded, transmitted, and maintained is not disclosed, except as provided for in this section.

(1) If there is reasonable cause to believe a violation of law or breach of professional standards may have occurred, the Office of Controlled Substances shall notify the appropriate law enforcement or professional licensure, certification, or regulatory agency or entity and shall provide prescription information required for an investigation.

(2) The Office of Controlled Substances may provide data in the prescription monitoring program in the form of a report to the following persons:

a. A prescriber, or other person authorized by the prescriber, or a dispenser, or other person authorized by the dispenser, who requests information and certifies that the requested information is for the purpose of providing medical or pharmaceutical treatment to a bona fide patient;

b. An individual who requests the individual's own prescription monitoring information in accordance with procedures established pursuant to regulations;

c. A designated representative of any Board or Commission pursuant to § 8735(a) of Title 29 responsible for the licensure, regulation, or discipline of prescribers, dispensers or other persons authorized to prescribe, administer, or dispense controlled substances and who is involved in a bona fide specific investigation involving a designated person;

d. A local, state, or federal law-enforcement or prosecutorial official engaged in the administration, investigation, or enforcement of the laws governing controlled substances and who is involved in a bona fide specific drug-related investigation in which a report of suspected criminal activity involving controlled substances by an identified suspect has been made, and provided that such information be relevant and material to such investigation, limited in scope to the extent reasonably practicable in light of the purpose for which the information is sought, and include identifying information only if nonidentifying information could not be used;

e. The Delaware Department of Health and Social Services regarding Medicaid program recipients;

f. A properly convened grand jury pursuant to a subpoena properly issued for the records;

g. Personnel of the Division of Professional Regulation for purposes of administration and enforcement of this section;

h. A licensed chemical dependency professional or licensed professional counselor of mental health who requests information and certifies that the requested information is for a patient enrolled in a substance abuse treatment program receiving treatment from, or under the direction of the chemical dependency professional or professional counselor of mental health.

i. The Chief Medical Examiner or licensed physician designee who requests information and certifies the request is for the purpose of investigating the death of an individual.

j. Qualified personnel for the purpose of bona fide research or education; however, data elements that would reasonably identify a specific recipient, prescriber or dispenser must be deleted or redacted from such information prior to disclosure; and further provided that, release of the information may be made only pursuant to a written agreement between qualified personnel and the Office of Controlled Substances in order to ensure compliance with this subsection.

(m) The Division of Professional Regulation may contract with another agency of this State or with a private vendor, as necessary, to ensure the effective operation of the prescription monitoring program. A contractor shall comply with the provisions regarding confidentiality of prescription information under this section is subject to the penalties specified in this section for any unlawful acts.

(n) The Office of Controlled Substances may promulgate regulations setting forth the procedures and methods for implementing this section.

(o) The Office of Controlled Substances shall design and implement an evaluation component to identify cost-benefits of the Prescription Monitoring Program, including its effect on diversion and abuse of controlled substances and drugs of concern, and other information relevant to policy, research and education involving controlled substances and drugs of concern monitored by the Prescription Monitoring Program.

(1) The Office of Controlled Substances shall report to the General Assembly the information obtained pursuant to this subsection on an annual basis.

(2) To the extent such information is made available to the Office of Controlled Substances, the report may include information and data, including surveys, polls, or other data from multi-disciplinary experts and stakeholders, relating to the negative or positive impact of the prescription monitoring program on appropriate prescribing practices of controlled substances and drugs of concern.

(p) The Office of Controlled Substances may exchange prescription information submitted to the PMP through an interstate commission with an authorized member state.

(q) A dispenser who fails to submit prescription monitoring information to the Office of Controlled Substances PMP as required by this section, or who knowingly submits incorrect prescription information, shall be subject to disciplinary sanction pursuant to Title 24.

(r) A person or persons authorized to have prescription monitoring information pursuant to this section who knowingly discloses this information in violation of this section is guilty of a class G felony and, upon conviction, shall be fined not more than $5,000 nor imprisoned more than 2 years, or both.

(s) A person authorized to have prescription monitoring information pursuant to this section who intentionally uses this information in the furtherance of other crimes is guilty of a class E felony and, upon conviction, shall be fined not more than $10,000 nor imprisoned more than 5 years, or both.

(t) A person or persons not authorized to have prescription monitoring information pursuant to this section who obtain such information fraudulently is guilty of a class E felony and, upon conviction, shall be fined not more than $10,000 nor imprisoned more than 5 years, or both.

(u) All prescribers who hold a registration pursuant to § 4732 of this title shall register with the Prescription Monitoring Program on or before January 1, 2014. All dispensers located in the State of Delaware that hold a registration pursuant to § 4732 of this title shall ensure that all pharmacists dispensing at the registrant's place of business are registered with the Prescription Monitoring Program on or before January 1, 2014. A violation of this subsection may serve as a basis for discipline pursuant to § 4735 of this title.

77 Del. Laws, c. 396, § 2; 79 Del. Laws, c. 92, § 2; 79 Del. Laws, c. 164, § 2.;